Citrix XenApp 6.5 launches published desktop but no published applications

Today I was faced with a mysterious phenomemon. After getting the first Citrix XenApp 6.5 server farm up and running, I started to work on a second farm, that was installed in exactly the same fashion. The only difference between both farms was that the new farm would solely depend on a Citrix XenApp Services site, where the first farm used a Citrix XenApp Web Site.

When I started my test published application, aka Notepad, I was faced with the following error:

CXA65 Error: Failed to start

After starting a published application, the following error is shown

The weird part was that when I added a published desktop to the mix, it started just fine and Notepad would also run without any error message within that published desktop. So the error was not account or ACL based.

Along with the shown error message, an Event was also logged with Event ID 1480 in the Application Windows Log, saying ” Failed to launch application notepad with command line c:\windows\system32\notepad.exe . ensure the application is installed and user has permission to launch it.

Hopefull this would quickly let me google a solution it took me a long time reading alot of unsolved forum topics with a variety of tried fixes, it took me a long time to discover an ancient support article from Citrix, CTX996187 for MetaFrame XP. Even though the article was not updated after july 2003, I decided to have a look at the mentioned registry key.

So checking HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\WindowsNT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon, I discovered that the AppSetup (REG_SZ) only had the following data USRLOGON.CMD, where the registry key on the working XenApp 6.5 server in the other farm, showed a different value:


The winlogon registry key as found on the healthy XenApp server

When I changed the value on my broken XenApp 6.5 server and tested the Notepad published appliaction, to my surprise, it worked like a charm and I had a fully functional XenApp server back on track.

To ensure I will not lose alot of time fixing this error when I might run into it again in the future, I’ve written this blog and hope it can help others as well

Esther Barthel
Solutions Architect at cognition IT

Esther has been working in different roles and functions as an IT consultant ever since she finished her Masters degree in Computer Science in 1997. She has worked as a web developer, database administrator, and server administrator until she discovered how Server-Based Computing ( SBC ) combined servers, desktops, and user experience in one solution. Esther has been specializing in virtualization solutions such as SBC, VDI, application, and server virtualization for over eight years now and is currently working as a Senior Consultant at PepperByte, where she designs and implements Citrix® solutions for both small-business and large-enterprise infrastructures scaling from 100 to 15,000 users.
In january 2014 her first book Citrix XenApp 6.5 Expert Cookbook was published by Packt Publishing.

Esther is awarded as a Citrix Technology Professional (CTP) from 2015 - 2017.
Esther is awarded as a Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) in 2017.

Esther is a Citrix Certified Expert – Virtualization (CCE-V), Citrix Certified Professional – Mobility (CCP-M), Citrix Certified Professional – Networking (CCP-N) and RES Software Certified Professional (RCP).

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